They are widely used by athletes in elite sports and bodybuilding due to their muscle-building and performance-enhancing properties.Anecdotal evidence also suggested that high doses of testosterone had an adverse effect in bodybuilders, why do athletes take performance-enhancing drugs.Tests revealed a significant reduction in body mass index (BMI) over the 12 weeks tested for athletes, in performance-enhancing sports drugs.In a study published in the January 2009 issue of European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, a group of 50 male and female bodybuilders experienced improvements in both muscle strength and performance on a bench press.These athletes consumed testosterone enanthate or a placebo, anabolic steroids glaucoma.Those on the drugs had a 45 per cent reduction in BMI.They measured the muscle strength of the subjects in the bench press using a hand-held dynamometer in the days immediately before and after their supplements.But those on the placebo had no difference in strength between the two conditions, performance-enhancing drugs in sports.Dr Astrid Rützler, from the university's department of nutritional sciences, said: "The results from our study provide further evidence that the use of testosterone alone will not be sufficient to improve strength and athletic performance in healthy and moderately trained men".She highlighted that the drug could be highly effective while at the same time lowering the risk of becoming overweight and obese.The results, which took place in a normal weight and obese group of men, will help people better decide whether to take the drug, what sports are stimulants most commonly used in.The European Medicines Agency has already approved the drugs for human use.
Performance-enhancing drugs in sports
Most major sports organizations ban doping, the use of anabolic steroids or other performance-enhancing drugs, in order to discourage steroid abuse. This is in direct violation of professional sports' unwritten anti-doping code adopted by the International Olympic Committee (IOC)."The IOC anti-doping policy is clear, it is in violation of the basic principles of clean sport," said Bouchard, a spokesman for the World Anti-Doping Agency, which represents national anti-doping laboratories all over the world. "This policy is being breached for the reason that many teams have failed to follow the rules and have, in some cases, even been allowed to use banned substances, anabolic steroids from canada."There are many questions surrounding the Canadian Olympic Committee's (COC) failure to fully implement the IOC rules, but the most compelling are the clear gaps in a program that was supposed to be designed to increase the integrity and transparency of Olympic sport. While there is no proof that any of the substances in question were ever used in the Games (as some had been before), it is clear that the COC failed to monitor athletes and maintain records to guarantee that it is not in violation of the code.According to former Canadian anti-doping official Robert Fife, the COC was initially supposed to have a hand in overseeing drug-free sports by putting its officers in contact with the International Anti-Doping Agency (IAA) and IOC, anabolic steroids good or bad. However, he writes in a blog post on The Cycling Review, "In my time with the IAAF [International Association of Athletics Federations] I was never called, nor invited, to give any feedback on the COC's drug-testing programs either by them or the IAAF. It's pretty much gone now, I think, in sports performance-enhancing drugs."According to Fife, as far back as 2007 (during the last Canadian Olympic trials), the COC was involved with the IAAF's anti-doping program, which in 2005 included testing anti-doping authorities and other athletes in the Olympics. On the eve of the 2007 Winter Olympics in Calgary, COC officials and IAAF officials met and agreed that Canadian athletes should be checked by the COC after their performances in the preliminary and the final bouts of the Canadian events, performance-enhancing drugs in sports. However, the COC never informed them about the program, Fife claims. He believes that there really is no way to ensure that the program ran properly, given that the COC did not have all the necessary information.